Common CKD Drug Terms
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
(ACE) inhibitors relax and widen your veins and arteries. This helps to lower your blood pressure.
Generic names end in “pril”
Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)
(ARBs) block the effect of angiotensin II. A chemical that narrows blood vessels and raises blood pressure.
Generic names end in “sartan”.
Antibiotics are medications used to treat infections caused by bacteria.
Antioxidants are substances found in fruits and vegetables that can prevent or slow damage to cells caused by free radicals.
- Coenzyme Q10
Use of recreational drugs can harm the kidneys and may lead to kidney failure and the need for dialysis. These drugs include:
- Cocaine and crack cocaine
- PCP (“angel dust”)
Erythrocyte (red blood cell) stimulating agents are man–made hormones that tell your body to make more red blood cells. ESAs are given by injection. You may be given:
An essential hormone responsible for metabolizing carbohydrates and controlling blood-sugar levels.
NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Most are over-the-counter pain pills; some are prescribed by a doctor. NSAIDs can cause kidney damage or even kidney failure. The risk is higher when NSAIDS are taken for a long time.
- Ibuprofen (Advil®, Motrin®)
- Naproxen (Aleve®)
- Other pain pills
This pill acts on the parathyroid glands to help shut them off so they don’t make too much PTH.