Common CKD Drug Terms

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

(ACE) inhibitors relax and widen your veins and arteries. This helps to lower your blood pressure.

Generic names end in “pril”

  • benazepril
  • zofenopril
  • perindopril
  • trandolapril
  • captopril
  • ramipril

Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)

(ARBs) block the effect of angiotensin II. A chemical that narrows blood vessels and raises blood pressure.

Generic names end in “sartan”.

  • telmisartan
  • valsartan
  • losartan
  • olmisartan


Antibiotics are medications used to treat infections caused by bacteria.

  • penicillin
  • vancomycin


Antioxidants are substances found in fruits and vegetables that can prevent or slow damage to cells caused by free radicals.

  • Coenzyme Q10
  • Turmeric

Drug Abuse

Use of recreational drugs can harm the kidneys and may lead to kidney failure and the need for dialysis. These drugs include:

  • Aerosols
  • Cocaine and crack cocaine
  • Heroin
  • Ketamine
  • LSD
  • Methamphetamines
  • PCP (“angel dust”)
  • Poppers


Erythrocyte (red blood cell) stimulating agents are man–made hormones that tell your body to make more red blood cells. ESAs are given by injection. You may be given:

  • Procrit®
  • Aranesp®


An essential hormone responsible for metabolizing carbohydrates and controlling blood-sugar levels.

NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Most are over-the-counter pain pills; some are prescribed by a doctor. NSAIDs can cause kidney damage or even kidney failure. The risk is higher when NSAIDS are taken for a long time.

  • Ibuprofen (Advil®, Motrin®)
  • Naproxen (Aleve®)
  • Other pain pills


This pill acts on the parathyroid glands to help shut them off so they don’t make too much PTH.